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George Monckton-Arundell, 8th Viscount Galway

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The Viscount Galway
5th Governor-General of New Zealand
In office
12 April 1935 – 3 February 1941
MonarchsGeorge V
Edward VIII
George VI
Prime MinisterGeorge Forbes
Michael Joseph Savage
Peter Fraser
Preceded byThe Lord Bledisloe
Succeeded byThe Lord Newall
Personal details
Born(1882-03-24)24 March 1882
Died27 March 1943(1943-03-27) (aged 61)
Blyth, Nottinghamshire
Alma materChrist Church, Oxford
Military service
AllegianceUnited Kingdom
Branch/serviceBritish Army
Battles/warsFirst World War
AwardsKnight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George
Distinguished Service Order
Officer of the Order of the British Empire
Mentioned in Despatches

George Vere Arundel Monckton-Arundell, 8th Viscount Galway, GCMG, DSO, OBE (24 March 1882 – 27 March 1943) was a British politician. He served as the fifth Governor-General of New Zealand from 1935 to 1941.

Early life[edit]

Simon, the 8th Viscount Galway, Isabel, Lucia, Celia and Mary (from left).

George Vere Arundell Monckton-Arundell Galway was born on 24 March 1882.[1] His parents were George Monckton-Arundell, 7th Viscount Galway and Vere Gosling.[2] He had one sibling: Violet Frances Monckton-Arundell (wife of married Lt.-Col. Geoffrey Henry Julian FitzPatrick, son of Edward Skeffington-Smyth).[3]

He received his education at a preparatory school in Berkshire[4] before attending Eton College (1895–1900) and Christ Church College, University of Oxford (1900–1904). He read Modern History and graduated with Bachelor of Arts and took the Master of Arts subsequently (this degree at Oxford, Cambridge and Dublin is an elevation in rank and not a postgraduate qualification).[2][5]

Lord Galway succeeded his father to the family's Irish peerage in 1931.[5]


Military career[edit]

Monckton-Arundell was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Nottinghamshire (Sherwood Rangers) Yeomanry on 1 January 1900, and promoted to lieutenant on 11 June 1902.[6] In 1904, he joined the First Life Guards, the senior regiment of the British Army that makes up the Household Cavalry, where he rose to the rank of colonel. During the First World War he was appointed as adjutant general and quartermaster general. He was of the Royal Artillery (1933–35). In 1933 he was appointed Colonel Commandant of the Honourable Artillery Company (HAC)[7] until 1935, when he relinquished it on appointment as Governor-General of New Zealand. Upon retirement from his post as governor-general he returned as Colonel Commandant of the HAC until his death.[5][8][9] He was also appointed Honorary Colonel of the 7th (Robin Hood) Battalion, Sherwood Foresters (later 42nd (The Robin Hoods, Sherwood Foresters) Anti-Aircraft Battalion, Royal Engineers) in 1933.[10][11]

Political ambitions[edit]

In 1910, Monckton-Arundell attempted to follow his father into the House of Commons. He contested the Scarborough constituency in the January and December elections of 1910, but was unsuccessful both times.[12]

Governor-General of New Zealand[edit]

Viscount Galway was Governor-General of New Zealand from 12 April 1935 to 3 February 1941. His military background made an impression with cabinet ministers of the time. His term was twice extended because of the Second World War.[9] Viscount Galway and his wife received numerous gifts during his time as governor-general. Some were returned to New Zealand around the time of the sale of the family house Serlby Hall,[13] and were donated to the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa in 1980.[14]

George Monckton-Arundell, photographed by Herman Schmidt, circa 1935

Galway was a freemason. During his term as governor-general, he was also Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of New Zealand.[15] In the 1937 Coronation Honours, he was appointed a member of the Privy Council.[16]

Later years[edit]

Upon his return to England, Galway held the honorary post of Deputy Lord Lieutenant of Nottinghamshire under the 7th Duke of Portland.[17]

Personal life[edit]

Viscount Galway married Lucia Margaret White, daughter of the 3rd Baron Annaly, in 1922. They had four children:[5]

He died suddenly on 27 March 1943 in Blyth.[9]


Coat of arms of George Monckton-Arundell, 8th Viscount Galway
The arms of George Monckton-Arundell consist of:[19] (Carved depiction)
1st, On a chapeau Azure doubled, turned up Ermine, a swallow Argent (Arundell); 2nd, A martlet Or (Monckton).
Quarterly, 1st and 4th Sable, six swallows, three, two and one, Argent (Arundell); 2nd and 3rd Sable, on a chevron, between three martlets Or, as many mullets of the field (Monckton).
Two unicorns Ermine, crined, armed and unguled, each gorged with an Eastern diadem Or.
Famam Extendere Factis (To extend my fame by deeds)


  1. ^ McLintock, Alexander Hare; Bernard John Foster, M. A.; Taonga, New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage Te Manatu. "GALWAY, Sir George Vere Arundell Monckton-Arundell, Eighth Viscount". An encyclopaedia of New Zealand, edited by A. H. McLintock, 1966. Retrieved 11 December 2021.
  2. ^ a b Lundy, Darryl. "George Vere Arundell Monckton-Arundell, 8th Viscount Galway". The Peerage.com. Retrieved 13 November 2010.[unreliable source]
  3. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "George Edward Milnes Monckton-Arundell, 7th Viscount Galway". The Peerage.com. Retrieved 13 November 2010.[unreliable source]
  4. ^ "Lord Galway". Evening Post. Vol. CXVIII, no. 108. 3 November 1934. p. 11. Retrieved 17 November 2010.
  5. ^ a b c d "Biography of George Vere Arundell Monckton-Arundell, 8th Viscount Galway (1882–1943)". University of Nottingham. Retrieved 13 November 2010.
  6. ^ "No. 27441". The London Gazette. 10 June 1902. p. 3756.
  7. ^ "No. 33917". The London Gazette. 3 March 1933. p. 1430.
  8. ^ Page 351-353, Regimental Fire, A History of the HAC in World war II, Author: Brigadier RF Johnson
  9. ^ a b c A. H. McLintock, ed. (22 April 2009) [originally published in 1966]. "Galway, Sir George Vere Arundell Monckton-Arundell, Eighth Viscount". An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand. Ministry for Culture and Heritage / Te Manatū Taonga. Retrieved 15 November 2010.
  10. ^ Army List.
  11. ^ Burke's Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage.
  12. ^ a b "Lord Galway". Evening Post. Vol. CXIX, no. 87. 12 April 1935. Retrieved 17 November 2010.
  13. ^ "Biography of George Vere Arundell Monckton-Arundell, 8th Viscount Galway (1882–1943)". Manuscripts and Special Collections. The University of Nottingham. Retrieved 4 December 2010.
  14. ^ "Collection items associated with Viscount Galway, GCMG, DSO, OBE, PC". Collections Online. Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa. Retrieved 4 December 2010.
  15. ^ "KentHenderson". Archived from the original on 9 April 2013. Retrieved 27 October 2012.
  16. ^ "Honours list". Nelson Evening Mail. 11 May 1937. p. 5. Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  17. ^ a b c Mosley, Charles, editor. Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes. Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003, volume 2, page 1521.
  18. ^ L. G. Pine, The New Extinct Peerage 1884-1971: Containing Extinct, Abeyant, Dormant and Suspended Peerages With Genealogies and Arms (London, U.K.: Heraldry Today, 1972), page 197.
  19. ^ Debrett's Peerage, and Titles of Courtesy. London, Dean. 1921. p. 393, GALWAY, VISCOUNT. (Monckton-Arundell.). Retrieved 20 May 2022.

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by Colonel Commandant and President, Honourable Artillery Company
Succeeded by
Government offices
Preceded by Governor-General of New Zealand
Succeeded by
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by Viscount Galway
Succeeded by